TRADES

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The old trades

In a city depending on the sea for all its activities, trades were varied, but craftsmen and small shopkeepers formed the most stable element of the population.

Shopkeepers : their shops were equipped with projecting stalls surmounted by awnings till the end of the XVIIIth century.

Master architects and contractors : they built public buildings (the citadel, the ramparts etc.) and civil ones (shops, warehouses, taverns).

Master masons and quarriers : they were employed in military engineering.

rope manufacture of la pointe
rope factory of "la pointe" - coll. part.

Master carpenters, roofers, glaziers : they completed mason's work in buildings.

maker of ropes
ropemakers
la Bretagne insolite au début du siècle
Ropemakers : elaborated ropes intended for vessels. A rope factory was settled at "La Pointe", under the ramparts.

Master weavers : that was a prosperous profession, they were about 7 in 1740.

Master smiths : they were the blacksmiths, locksmiths and nailers who shod horses, studded the shoes of the troops or the vessels to protect them from the ship worms of the warm seas (the tarrets).

Master gunsmiths : they made and sold rifles and cutting weapons, like knives.

Master boilermakers : tinsmiths: they made pewter utensils, but also tins for the sardine factories.

maker of sabots
wooden shoe maker
la Bretagne insolite au début du siècle

Master tailors : they were about ten in the XVIIIth century, belonging to the brotherhood of the Trinity. The army was among their main customers.
The drapers : their haberdashery knew a great success in the business with India.

Masters shoemakers : they worked for the troop. As for the hatters they made hats for men (women used to wear their headdresses) and the barbers sometimes practised surgery.

Master millers : They came first in the food production. Their windmills were numerous in the XVIth century. There was a tidemill at Stervins, a part of it can still be seen.

Master bakers : there were 25 bakeries in 1836 in the city.

Master butchers :
there were 14 in 1789.

Shop keepers and grocers : they sold everything, crockery, clogs, candles, etc.
cartwright
cartwrights and wheelwrights
la Bretagne insolite au début du siècle

Master coopers :
made barrels for sardine press. In 1734 there were 8 coopers in Port Louis.

The innkeepers :
worked thanks to servicemen, sailors and travelers.

Masters silversmiths :
made and sold any sorts of small objects (spoons, buttons, earrings etc.) but also objects of cult (chalices)

last modification : 05 27 2005